International Court of Justice: What are the most prominent rulings and decisions it has taken throughout its history?

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On December 29, 2023, the State of South Africa filed a complaint with the court accusing Israel of committing crimes of “genocide” against the Palestinian people.

The International Court of Justice issued a preliminary ruling and emergency measures against Israel in the lawsuit filed by South Africa accusing Israel of violating the United Nations Genocide Convention.

The provision includes: taking all measures to prevent any acts that could be considered genocide, ensuring that the Israeli army does not carry out any acts of genocide, preventing and punishing any statements or public comments that could incite the commission of genocide in Gaza, taking all measures to ensure humanitarian access, not eliminating From any evidence that could be used in the case brought against her, she must submit a report to the court within one month on the extent of her application of these measures and provisions.

The court, which is the largest judicial body in the United Nations, decides on disputes between member states of the international organization and its decisions are binding, but the court does not have a mechanism to enforce the implementation of those decisions.

The court, which is headquartered in The Hague in the Netherlands, decides in accordance with the provisions of international law legal disputes that arise between countries.

The post first appeared on www.bbc.com

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