Gaza War: What are the implications of activating Article 99 of the United Nations Charter?

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Effects of the devastation of the Israeli bombing in Gaza

The UN Security Council is expected to vote today, Friday, on UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ call for an “immediate humanitarian ceasefire” in Gaza.

Guterres had sent a letter, in an unprecedented manner, to the UN Security Council two days ago in which he raised the use of Article 99 of the Charter of the international organization, which gives him the right to “draw the attention” of the Council to an issue that would “endanger international peace and security.”

Guterres wrote in his letter, “I expect an imminent complete collapse of public order in the Gaza Strip due to desperate circumstances due to the impossibility of providing and distributing any humanitarian assistance, even limited.” The Secretary-General once again called for a ceasefire for humanitarian reasons to avoid “irreversible consequences for the Palestinians and for peace and security in the region.”

As a result, the United Arab Emirates proposed a draft resolution, which the Security Council is expected to decide on Friday, demanding an immediate ceasefire for humanitarian reasons in Gaza, the protection of civilians, the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages, and ensuring the arrival of humanitarian aid.

However, the Secretary-General’s raising of Article 99 of the United Nations Charter does not mean that Council members will inevitably adhere to its content and vote in favor of it. In the weeks following the outbreak of war, four draft resolutions were met with an American veto. Washington believes that talk of a final ceasefire is premature until Israel ends its combat military operations in the Gaza Strip.

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